This word for any polyhedron with twelve flat faces, from δώδεκα dódeka “twelve” + ἕδρα hédra “base”, “seat” or “face”, links the Dodecanese (12 islands) to the word cathedral, καθέδρα “seat” (of the bishop).
See Dodecanese islands.
Pentelic marble is quarried from Mount Pentelicus just north of Athens and has a mesmerizing white crystalline surface. It looks delicate as glass but continues to stand the test of time and was used by the great sculptors of ancient Greece, including Phidias and Praxiteles. Moreover, pentelic marble was used to make the Elgin marbles.
Compare: Parian marble.
See Tower of Winds.
The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 BCE. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favouring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age of Ancient Greece.
See Pilot guide of Greek islands.
Solon of Athens
“Laws are like spider's webs: if some poor weak creature come up against them, it is caught; but a bigger one can break through and get away”.
—Solon of Athens (630 – 561 BCE)
See Spetses Island.